Thursday, May 21, 2020
How do these texts illustrate the relationship between kinship and politics? In Greek Mythology, the power of right is passed by kinship in generations, and peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s belief in gods leads their life and their acts show godsÃ¢â¬â¢ will. In the meanwhile, politics originally indicates certain relationships are between politics and groups of individuals. Moreover, politics is always referred to methods, including the purpose and the use of power, for addressing impacts on the tendency of those individualsÃ¢â¬â¢ performance, as well as their engagement and activities in civic affairs. In result of that, theories of political behavior are aimed at explicating the influences that define an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s behaviors, opinions, and participation in civicÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Athena brought in a new trial system, the introduction of jury, although she still respected that the male should be honored above all else for the sake of that she was born from ZeusÃ¢â¬â¢s thigh without any womenÃ¢â¬â¢s distribution. Athena respects men above all else and so supports Orestes. We can have a look at texts below No mother gave me birth. I honor the male, in all things but marriage. Yes, with all my heart I am my FatherÃ¢â¬â¢s child. I cannot set more stores by the womanÃ¢â¬â¢s death. She killed her husband, guardian of their house. Even if the vote is equal, Orestes wins. These texts provide Apollo and Athena the materials that they found evidences to support the thought of not guilty of Orestes. The violence in the old system has fallen to a continuing circle which forced the gods to find out a settlement of a new system of justice, in which the moral conflicts and disputes would fairly be resolved. The gods themselves could not judge cases, or else the world would be caught in the crossfire of the gods as it had during the Trojan War Thus, in the demand of the new system, the settlement at the end illustrates the relationship between kinship and politics, which is that the establishment of court and the introduction of jury has its own political influence. On the other hand, when the jury cannot achieve the same opinions, the kinship will be considered as an important factor as Apollo had mentionedShow MoreRelatedFamily As A Social Institution Of People927 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesgreat life and happiness that come with it . Using this ideal description as a standard, we all admire and wish to live in such family while in reality it does not exist since all family are under strong variety of affect (economy , social, religion, politic...) this create a continuous conflict between their members making the real family structure very far from what we consider ideal. Family structure and the relationship between its members has changed dramatically over the last years. There are manyRead MoreWhy Is College Pilgrimage?98 3 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesunderstanding of the relationship bonds formed by individuals while undertaking pilgrimages. Specifically, I want to explore the ways in which the altruistic behavior produces kinship cues that allow for the formation of this fictive kin relationship. Through ethnographic engagement, I seek to investigate how fictive kinship sustains itself throughout the pilgrimage of the Camino de Santiago in Spain. But, I also ideally want to discuss how people create relationships with ideals and symbols and howRead MoreThe Musuo Of Chin Matrilineal Kinship902 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Musuo of China: Matrilineal Kinship The practice of matrilineal kinship is considered a myth by some cultures, but it is indeed very real for the Musuo of China. Matrilineality is the practice of linear descent through the ancestry of females. Many Western civilizations have a misconception of what is considered normal on a global scale, but many practices do, in fact, differ widely between different cultures. To illustrate this, the MusuoÃ¢â¬â¢s traditions and values in regards to marriage and familyRead MoreMorgan and Tyler1099 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesanthropology, which makes them crucial to the growth and improvement of anthropology. Morgan focused on building upon his theory of social evolution in which he made links between social and technological progress. He studied and emphasized the kinship relationships across various cultures and larger social structures. Tylor built upon cultural evolutionism and studied it in depth in the Primitive cultures (his book). He focused on culture which included belief, art, morals and laws, but mostlyRead MoreThe Interesting Narrative Of The Life Of Olaudah Equiano1501 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesof his childhood. A tale that was soon brought to end when he was kidnapped from his loving family and sold as a slave. Throughout the narrative, Equiano is searching for a family, like the one he lost. This is shown in Ã¢â¬Å"Filiation to Affiliation: Kinship and Sentiment in EquianoÃ¢â¬â¢s Interesting NarrativeÃ¢â¬ , By Ramesh Mallipeddi. Also throughout EquianoÃ¢â¬â¢s quest for freedom we learn that he is a critical thinker, and being a writer in the 18th century meant living in the enlightenment era. In Ã¢â¬Å"The PoeticsRead MoreAfrican culture1286 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesancestors have passed down, to an overall guide of how to live an everyday life until one dies. It is proven that relationships can exists between the members of two different societies. There are Seven institutionalized societal relations and they are Kinship, Alliance, Government, Inequality and Equality, Feudality, Association, and Exchange of Goods. These roles are a guide of a superiority and inferiority statuses. Chapter 2 This chapter opens into the topic of Ã¢â¬Å"Power.Ã¢â¬ Power is an important keyRead More The Yanomamo of the Amazon Basin Essay1458 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesdespite their hesitancy to cooperate, a wise and ethical one? nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Chagnon spent his first five months collecting what he thought was an intricate and elaborate table of genealogical information, marriage relationships, and kinships within the Yanomamo village of Bisaasi-teri. He knew from the beginning that it would be difficult to obtain the actual names of the tribesmen because it is a symbol of honor, respect, dignity, and political admiration. The less your name was spokenRead MoreCaribbean Pleasure Industry And Big Pharma, Women And The Labour Of Love Essay1723 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagescomposition of sexuality, is how family systems and kinships seem to be the foundation of which we construct sexuality as a whole. Traditional families and kinships - families not bound by blood - are living amongst each other, largely in amity. Despite this, the importance of the patterns that we see within these relationships, such as single parenthood, age of marriages, and opinions on non-procreative or non-heteronormative sex, are enha nced through kinships and family ties. Predominantly in the WesternRead MoreEssay on INDIA: THE BEST FOREIGN MARKET852 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesINTRODUCTION When determining if a foreign country is a good market to expand into, many factors will help choose which market is best. These factors include Culture, Politics and Law, the Current National Economy, Market Size and Demand, Human Resources, and Financial Resources and Profitability. The factors listed above are not all-inclusive, but give a well-defined checklist to compare other markets. These factors will be discussed and prove that India is a great market to expand into forRead MoreThe Role Of Ethnicity And Its Effects On The Development Of Africa, Latin America, And Southeast Asia1106 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesoften manipulated by the European rulers to contrivance a Ã¢â¬Ëdivide and conquerÃ¢â¬â¢ technique and hegemony in the LDCs. The purpose of this paper is to examine the role of ethnicity in LDCs in Africa, Latin America, and Southeast Asia on contemporary politics. First, a brief overview of the importance of ethnicity is addressed. Second, a brief discussion of the c olonial rulers used ethnicity to their advantage is provided. And, in conclusion, this paper will conclude the overall role of ethnicity in the
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Interpersonal communication is an essential element of the human existence. A substantial part of interpersonal communication is nonverbal. Adler, Rosenfeld, and Proctor define nonverbal communication as Ã¢â¬Å"messages expressed by nonlinguistic meansÃ¢â¬ (204). These messages can be used for different reasons, intentionally or unintentionally. Sometimes nonverbal communication is used to replace words, other times it is used to enhance words. There are also times nonverbal communication is used without the userÃ¢â¬â¢s awareness of having sent a message. It is said that Ã¢â¬Å"all nonverbal behavior communicates informationÃ¢â¬ (Adler et al. 204). There are many ways a communicator can send nonverbal messages. These include body movements, facial movements,Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬Å"There are at least 8 distinguishable positions of the eyebrows and forehead, 8 more of the eyes and lids, and 10 for the lower faceÃ¢â¬ (Adler et al. 216). This makes the face one o f the most expressive parts of nonverbal communication. I witnessed a woman reacting to her party host tell a sexually inappropriate story around the dinner table. Her eyebrows were pinched, forehead was wrinkled, and she had a slight frown on the corner of her lips. This is a great example of facial displays because it involves many parts of her face working together to share her feelings. I interpreted her facial display to mean she was appalled and completely disapproved of the dinner conversation. It was clear that the woman did not want to be disrespectful by verbally sharing her opinion. She was able to show respect by withholding her words and providing a facial display instead. It is interesting to learn that vocal elements are not verbal communication. Vocal elements, or paralanguage, is Ã¢â¬Å"the way a message is spokenÃ¢â¬ (Adler et al. 220). Vocal elements include Ã¢â¬Å"rate, pronunciation, pitch, tone, volume, and emphasisÃ¢â¬ (Adler et al. 220). A good example of paralanguage is a wife saying to her husband Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢ve never seen you go shopping before,Ã¢â¬ with emphasis on the words Ã¢â¬Å"neverÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"you.Ã¢â¬ It is safe to assume she is in disbelief that her husband hasShow MoreRelatedNursing Theorist, Hildegard Peplau Knew That In Order To1533 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesknew that in order to care for patients, the nurse must establish a strong relationship with the patient. This is an essential element in being able to provide adequate planning, diagnosing, and the successful treatment of patients. Personally, my desire to learn more about PeplauÃ¢â¬â¢s theory is because it is a very significant quality to have as a nurse. Nursing is a very interpersonal career, and by forming trusting relationships with patients early in oneÃ¢â¬â¢s nursing practice, I can provide the bestRead MoreThe Theory Of A Nurse1497 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPeplau knew that in order to care for patients, the nurse must establish a strong relationship with the patient. This is an essential element in being able to provide adequate planning, diagnosing, and successfully treating patients. Personally, my desire to learn more about PeplauÃ¢â¬â¢s theory is because it is a very significant quality to have as a nurse. Nursing is a very interpersonal career, and by forming trusting relationships with patients early in oneÃ¢â¬â¢s nursing practice, I can provide the best careRead MoreEffective Communication As A Health Care Professional1313 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesCommunication is about more than just exchanging information. It s about understanding the emotion and intentions behind the information. Effective communication is how you convey a message so that it is received and understood by someone in exactly the way you intended (L. Robinson, J. Segal, Ph. D., M. Smith. 2015). This paper looks at the requirements of effective communication as a health care professional and the essential concepts to have as a registered nu rse. Effective communication assistsRead MoreImportance of Interpersonal Communication Skills in Healthcare Professions1558 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesImportance of Interpersonal Communication sills in Healthcare Professions Interpersonal communication is a fundamental element to any healthcare interaction. First, second and third person communication skills are primary aspects of an interaction, encompassing both verbal and non-verbal communication skills. It will be argued that rapport building and questioning are vital interpersonal skills in a healthcare context and possessing the ability to ensue a positive relationship between a healthcareRead MoreSummary With ever increasing pace of change and complexity within businesses, it is easy to900 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageseffective management aspects include problem solving, interpersonal communication, decision making, conflict management, negotiation, team building and motivation. To achieve these eminent skills with the accurate quality of management, an individual must begin with strengthening the skills that complement his/her best behaviour (Zenger 2009). Being self aware is highly important in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s competitive environment and it is essential to exercise oneÃ¢â¬â¢s existing positive managerial traitsRead MoreWhy Working Partnership With Others Is Important For Children And Young People1351 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesyour job. Understand the importance of effective communication and information sharing in services for children and young people. Why clear and effective communication between partners is required. Communication is a complex activity involving words, body language, voice tone and volume, the topic under discussion, the prejudgments that people bring to the topic, and the Ã¢â¬Å"communication historyÃ¢â¬ between participants in the discussion. Communication is effective when the recipient of a message understandsRead MoreNonverbal Communication And The Classroom902 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesTOPIC 1: Nonverbal communication in the classroom Communication is the ongoing exchange of messages that enables us to share our knowledge, attitudes, opinions and skills with one another (Miller, 1988). This process is composed of two dimensions Ã¢â¬â verbal and nonverbal . While is it undeniable that both the verbal and the nonverbal dimension are inseparable, research emphasises the dominance of the nonverbal message (cf., Argyle, 1975; Hall, 1966; Harrison Crouch, 1975; Knapp, 1978, cited in SmithRead MoreInformation And Ideas Is A Method Of Communication1129 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Trading information and ideas is a method of communication. To be a successful and beneficial member of your workplace it is essential that you become skilled in all of the various ways of communication that are appropriate. The reason of communication is to get your message across to others clearly and with certainty. Doing this includes effort from both the one sending the message and the one receiving it. And it s a procedure that can be filled with error, with messages often misunderstood byRead MoreFormal Organizational Design And Informal Culture946 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesprocesses. In most cases, challenges related to high employee turnover are a result of different factors with the main contributing factor being low satisfaction among employees, which could be attributed to different elements. Low satisfaction could be predicated by poor interpersonal communication problem among employees, which lowers their levels of satisfaction. Analysis The organisational culture of the company evaluated the performance of employees based on their individual efforts with seniority beingRead MoreHow Employees Can Work And Progress Relationships With Managers1669 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthrough the loyalty of customers. Communication skills are one of the essential parts of leading people to work successfully in the relationships with co-workers as well as clients in their commercial enterprises. Therefore, interacting with management, clients and team members in the workplace can help in order to enhance the interest of the business. Training staff to develop effective communication skills is indispensable for them to be stronger at interpersonal skills. To become greater in the
Contemporary Research on Parenting: The case for Nature and Nurture W. Andrew Collins, Eleanor E. Maccoby, Laurence Steinberg, E. We will write a custom essay sample on Contemporary Research on Parenting or any similar topic only for you Order Now Mavis Hetherington and Marc. Bornstein Current findings on parental influences provide more sophisticated and less deterministic explanations than did earlier theory and research on parenting. Contemporary research approaches include: (a) behavior-genetic designs, augmented with direct measures of potential environmental influences; (b) studies distinguishing among children with different genetically influenced predispositions in terms of their responses to different environmental conditions; (c) experimental and quasi-experimental studies of change in childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s behavior as a result of their exposure to parentsÃ¢â¬â¢ behavior, after controlling for childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s initial characteristics; and (d) research on interactions between parenting and nonfamilial environmental influences and contexts, illustrating contemporary concern with influences beyond the parent-child dyad. These approaches indicate that parental influences on child development are neither as unambiguous as earlier researchers suggested nor as insubstantial as current critics claim. Although the use of donor sperm to enable couples with an infertile male partner to have children has been practiced for many years, it is only since 1983, following advances in reproductive technology, that infertile women have been able to conceive a child using a donated egg (Lutjen et al. , 1984; Trousin, Leeton, Beasanka, Wood, Conti, 1983). This procedure involves fertilization of the donated egg with the fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s sperm in the laboratory, followed by the transfer of the resulting embryo to the motherÃ¢â¬â¢s uterus. Thus, it is now possible for children to be born to, and raised by, mothers with whom they have no genetic link. A number of concerns have been expressed regarding the potential negative consequences of gamete donation for childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s psychological well being, the most common of which is that the practice of keeping information about genetic origin secret from the child may have and adverse effect on the quality of parent-child relationships and consequently on the child (Daniels Taylor, 1993; Schaffer Diamond, 1993). As few children are told that a donated sperm of egg had been used in their conception, the large majority grow up not knowing that their father or mother is genetically unrelated to them. Findings suggestive of an association between secrecy about genetic parentage and negative outcomes for children have come from research on adoption. It has been demonstrated that adopted children benefit from knowledge about their biological parents, and that children who are not given such information may become confused about their identity and ar risk for emotional problems ( Hoopes, 1990; Sants, 1964; Schechter Bertocci, 1990; Triseliotis, 1973). In the field of assisted reproduction, parallels have been drawn with the adoptive situation and it has been suggested that lack of knowledge of, or information about, the donor may be harmful for the child (Clamar, 1989; Snowden. 1990; Snowden, Mitchell, Snowden, 1983). From a family therapy perspective, secrets are believed to be detrimental to family functioning because they create boundaries between those who know and those who do not, and cause anxiety when topics related to the secret are discussed (Karpel, 1980). In examining the particular case of parents keeping secrets from their children, Papp (1993) argued that children can sense when information is being withheld due to the taboo that surrounds the discussion of certain topics, and that they may become confused and anxious, or even develop symptoms of psychological disorder, as a result. A further concern raised by the use of gamete donation is that parents may feel or behave less positively toward a nongenetic than a genetic child. It has been argued that the child may not be fully accepted as part of the family, and that the absence of a genetic tie to one or both parents may have an undermining effect on the childÃ¢â¬â¢s sense of identity (Burns, 1987). It has also been suggested that whether or not gamete donation has been used in thechildÃ¢â¬â¢s conception, the stress of infertility may lead to dysfunctional patterns of parenting, which may result in negative outcomes for the child (Burns, 1990). In spite of the expectations that children conceived by gamete donation may be at risk for psychological problems, a previous study of assisted reproduction families by the present authors (Golombok, Cook, Bish, Murray, 1995) foud a greater involvement in parentiong aoun donor insemination parents than among a control group of parents with a naturally conceived child, with no differences in the quality of parent-child relationships between donor insemination parents and either adoptive parents or parents with a genetically related child conceived by in vitro fertilization. The children in these different family types were functioning well and did not differ with respect to their emothions, behavior, or relationships. It was concluded that a strong desire for parenthood seemed to be more importand than genetic relatedness for fosteringtive outcomes may be expected in families where the child and the father are genetically unrelated compared with families where genetic link exists bet ween the father and the child. How to cite Contemporary Research on Parenting, Essays
Friday, April 24, 2020
Trench Coat Mafia Trench Coat Mafia: Address the Hate Always remember that others may hate you but those who hate you don't win unless you hate them. And then you destroy yourself. - Richard Nixon A lot of people are trying to figure out why the two kids in Colorado went on a shooting spree. Many people are focusing on violence, guns, computer games, movies, television, and the free flow of information on the internet. These kids wouldn't have done what they did without a motivation. Their motivation was hate caused by hate. Here are my opinions on some of the things people are focusing on in the discussion this event has brought about: Violence: As Americans it is totally hypocritical for us to say that violence is bad. Every tax paying American supports violence and pays for it. In fact, we support an American foreign policy whose principal is that violence is a valid means to create peace. If you were truly against violence you wouldn't pay your taxes or would move to another country, like Switzerland, where they very rarely use violence (being a neutral country). As far as voting goes, you most likely voted for a congressperson or president who supports violence. If you didn't vote you are supporting the status quo of violence. Guns: As far as the guns related in this incident, numerous gun laws were broken even before the shooting occurred(about 20 laws). Yes, the gun laws probably need to be reviewed but there is obviously insufficient enforcement of the gun laws already in existence and inadequate punishment of the people who break the laws. Detailed statistics on this can be found at the Bureau of Justice Statistics. Computer Games, Movies, and Television: I totally agree that there are many violent computer games, movies, and television shows in the U.S. today. These types of media all have rating systems to help parents determine the suitability for their children. Unfortunately, parents fail to properly utilize these rating systems. Case in point: How many parents let their children under 13 see Jurassic Park? This movie was rated PG-13 and was very violent but I saw a lot of kids under 13 in the theater I was in. The next time you are in a PG-13 or R movie just observe who is in attendance. In regards to first-person shooting games, I really like this April 21st commentary on the subject. My view is that older teens shouldn't have any problem being exposed to these type of games as long as parents are involved with their kids and, like any other thing in their lives, make sure their children don't become overly obsessed with them. After all, we allow children interested in becoming chemists to have chemistry sets and children who are interested in becoming artists to have art supplies. Careers in the military or law enforcement, the last time I checked, are totally acceptable for children to pursue. The Internet: The current state of internet truly reflects the American ideals of free speech and unfettered access to information. Since the electronic world of the internet is a global enterprise, America can not pass laws to block information on the internet as America does not have jurisdiction over all of the content. Instead, parents must take a proactive role in ensuring two things: ol* That children have some barriers to inappropriate content(particularly hate). That children are sufficiently armed with knowledge and morales to deal with inappropriate information when they encounter it. If you bungle raising your children, I don't think whatever else you do well matters very much. - Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis Parents need to take responsibility for their own children's development into a responsible person. If you are concerned about other people's children not being raised properly, you can help guide them too. At Columbine High School there are big problems with the way some kids are being raised. Some parents have not taught their children that hate-violence is wrong. It appears that the students who committed the shootings were instigated to hate the jocks because some of them were bullies. Children need to be taught that the strength of the United States of America is based on our diversity. So called 'oddballs' should not be treated badly by other kids who do not belong to the same 'clique'. American's shouldn't be afraid of kids who where black. These children should be treated as valued members of our society, regardless of how they dress, and not be forced underground. Current
Tuesday, March 17, 2020
Health Care Finance And Cost Containment Example Health Care Finance And Cost Containment Ã¢â¬â Coursework Example Health Care Finance and Cost Containment Determine how financial ratios determine financial health of an organization. One of thehighest costs that health care facilities incur is acquisition of high tech equipment. Therefore, asset management ratios can be beneficial in helping the managers assess how much they accrue from their acquired asset. Secondly, the other important ratio in health care is cash flow indicators. This can be helpful in helping the managers identify how much cash is being collected over a certain period as compared to the uncollected profits. The third is important ratio is the profitability ratio, which gives the managers an overview of the general health of the organization (Rapoport, 2008). The higher the gross margin of the organization, the more it can make profits as compared to the costs it incurs. Lastly, there are the debt ratios. Most banks use this ratio in order to analyse whether a company will be capable of paying pay its loans in the future. If t he debt ratio is low, the health care facility is more likely to be able to get low interest rates on long-term financing. 2. Strategies for inventory control and cost reduction in healthcareSome of the strategies that health care facilities can use for inventory control and cost reduction in healthcare include benchmarking, invest in inventory control staff, establish a vendor scorecard, invest in systems and ensuring that the dayÃ¢â¬â¢s work is cleared in the same day. Benchmarking will help in understanding what other competing health care facilities are doing and whether it is working or not. The inventory control staff will help ensure that that the health care does not suffer any loss that may be because of oversight and incompetence (Rapoport, 2008). The vendor scorecard will help in evaluating the supplies and ascertaining whether there is a need to change them or not. Lastly, ensuring that all data within the organization is done away with and compiled on a daily basis re duces the bulk. The benefits that accrue to the health care facility are that it ensures that all vendors abide by their contracts and that the investments are protected and effectively managed. ReferenceRapoport, J., Jacobs, P., & Jonsson, E. (2008). Cost Containment and Efficiency in National Health Systems: A Global Comparison. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH.
Sunday, March 1, 2020
Judy Garland Biography and Profile Judy Garland ( June 10, 1922 - June 22, 1969 ) was a singer and actress who gained nearly equal acclaim in both fields. She was the first solo woman to win a Grammy Award for Album of the Year, and the American Film Institute named her one of the 10 greatest female stars of American cinema. Early Years Judy Garland was born Frances Ethel Gumm in Grand Rapids, Minnesota. Her parents were vaudeville performers, and soon Frances joined her older sisters Mary Jane and Dorothy to become the singing and dancing act the Gumm Sisters. The details remain murky, but around 1934, the Gumm Sisters, in search of a more appealing name, became the Garland Sisters. Soon after, Frances officially changed her name to Judy. The Garland Sisters group broke up in 1935 when Suzanne, the oldest of the sisters, married musician, Lee Kahn. Later in 1935, Judy was signed to a contract with film company MGM without the usual screen test. However, the studio was not sure how to promote the 13-year-old Garland; she was older than the usual child star but still too young for adult parts. After a few unsuccessful projects, her breakthrough moment came when she was paired with Mickey Rooney in the 1938Ã film Love Finds Andy Hardy. Personal Life Judy Garlands turbulent personal life was marked by several instances of heartbreak. When Judy Garland was 13 years old, her 49-year-old father succumbed to meningitis, leaving her emotionally devastated. Years later, her first adult love, bandleader Artie Shaw, eloped with actress Lana Turner leaving Garland crushed. She received an engagement ring on her 18th birthday from musician David Rose who was at the time still married to actress Martha Raye. After the divorce, Judy and David were briefly married. Just three years later, in 1944, the marriage ended.Ã Following an affair with legendary director Orson Welles, while he was married to actress Rita Hayworth, Judy Garland married director Vicente Minnelli in June 1945. They had one daughter, singer and actress Liza Minnelli. By 1951 they were divorced. During the late 1940s, Garland was hospitalized following a nervous breakdown, underwent electroshock therapy to treat depression, and began to have serious problems with alcohol addiction. During June 1952, Judy Garland married her tour manager and producer Sid Luft. They had two children, singer and actress Lorna Luft and Joey Luft. They divorced in 1965. In November 1965, Garland married tour promoter, Mark Herron. They were divorced in February 1969, and she married her fifth and final husband Mickey Deans in March. In 1959, Judy Garland was diagnosed with acute hepatitis, and she informed doctors that she was unlikely to have more than five years to live. She said she would likely never sing again and remembered feeling relief at the diagnosis because it reduced much of the pressure in her life. However, she recovered over a period of several months and began performing concerts again.Ã Film Career Following her success in a series of films with Mickey Rooney, the teenage Judy Garland was cast in the lead role of 1939s The Wizard of Oz. In the movie, she sang what became identified as her signature song Over the Rainbow. It was a critical success and Garland earned a special Juvenile Academy Award for her performance in both The Wizard of Oz and Babes In Arms with Mickey Rooney. Judy Garland starred in three of her most successful films in the 1940s. In 1944s Meet Me In St. Louis she sang The Trolley Song and the holiday classic Have Yourself a Merry Little Christmas. For 1948s The Easter Parade, she teamed with legendary dancer and actor Fred Astaire. She starred in 1949s In the Good Old Summertime with Van Johnson. It was one of her biggest box-office successes and featured the movie debut of Judy Garlands three-year-old daughter Liza Minnelli. By 1950, Judy Garland earned a reputation for being difficult while filming new projects. She was accused of showing a lack of effort while drugs and alcohol also interfered with appearing on time for shoots. In 1954, Garland made a celebrated comeback in the second film version of A Star Is Born. Her performance earned accolades from critics and audiences alike, and she received an Academy Award nomination for Best Actress. In 1961 she earned an Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actress in Judgment at Nuremberg, but her days as a top Hollywood actress were over. Music Career The last two decades of Judy Garlands life were dominated by her success as a singer in concerts, TV shows, and on record. In 1951, she launched a highly successful tour of Great Britain and Ireland performing for sold-out audiences. The songs of vaudeville legend Al Jolson were a centerpiece of her concerts. During the tour, Garland experienced a rebirth as a performer. In 1956, she became the highest-paid entertainer yet in Las Vegas earning $55,000 a week for a four-week engagement. Judy Garlands first appearance on a TV special took place in 1955 on the Ford Star Jubilee. It was CBS first full-scale color broadcast and was a received stellar ratings. Following three successful TV specials in 1962 and 1963, Garland was given her own weekly series,Ã The Judy Garland Show. Although it was canceled after only one season, The Judy Garland Show earned four Emmy Award nominations including for Best Variety Series. On April 23, 1961, Judy Garland performed a concert at Carnegie Hall that many consider the highlight of her live performance career. A double album of the show spent 13 weeks at number one on the album chart and earned a Grammy Award for Album of the Year. After her TV series ended in 1964, Garland returned to the concert stage. She performed live at the London Palladium in November 1964 with her 18-year-old daughter, Liza Minnelli. A 1964 Australian tour turned disastrous when Garland was late to take the stage and accused of being drunk. Judy Garlands final concert appearance took place in Copenhagen, Denmark in March 1969, three months before her death. Death On June 22, 1969, Judy Garland was found dead in the bathroom of a rented house in London, England. The coroner determined the cause to be an overdose of barbiturates. He indicated the death was accidental, and there was no evidence of suicidal intent. Garlands The Wizard of Oz co-star Ray Bolger said at her funeral, She just plain wore out. Although initially interred at a cemetery in upstate New York, in 2017, at the request of Judy Garlands children, her remains were transferred to the Hollywood Forever cemetery in Los Angeles, California. Legacy Judy Garlands reputation as one of the greatest entertainers of all time remains strong. More than two dozen biographies have been written about her since her death, and she was listed by the American Film Institute at #8 among all-time greatest female movie stars. The American Film Institute also listed her performance of Over the Rainbow as the top movie song of all time. Four more, Have Yourself a Merry Little Christmas, Get Happy, The Trolley Song, and The Man That Got Away are listed in the top 100. Garland received a posthumous Lifetime Achievement Grammy Award in 1997. She has been featured twice on U.S. postage stamps. Judy Garland is also considered to be a gay community icon. There are differing reasons offered for that status, but the most common include identification with her personal struggles and her relationship to camp culture. In the late 1960s, news accounts of Garlands nightclub performances disparagingly commented on homosexual men being a disproportionately large part of the audience. Many also credit Over the Rainbow as being an inspiration for the gay communitys ubiquitous rainbow flag.
Friday, February 14, 2020
Response - Article Example But the interesting part is that China responded coldly for all this complaints against them. The Chinese spokesperson Liu Weimin who is a representative of ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s foreign ministry stated that the compromise is a needed element in the trade between two nations. After that Chinese commerce ministry announced that China will handle the situation in align with procedures and rules of W.T.O. The author comments that the primary activity in W.T.O consultation is the bilateral consultation which always fails. And the case is later settled down by trade experts. Here the author is altogether attempting to project on the cold shoulder attitude of Chinese government .China is also not giving a chance to Obama to win the presidential election on the basis of free trade dispute. Ã¢â¬Å"China is trying to avoid making trade issues a big theme of the American presidential election campaignÃ¢â¬ . Here neither the Chinese government nor the Chinese people are bothered about the complaint of U.S. against the increase in the vehicle tariff Bradsher, K. (2012). China Yawns as U.S. Complains About Auto Tariffs. In nytimes. Retrieved July 7, 2012, from http://www.nytimes.com/2012/07/07/business/global/china-response-mild-to-us-trade-complaint-on-cars.html?_r=2&ref=internationaltradeandw